# CoCoA:IdealOfPoints

From ApCoCoAWiki

## IdealOfPoints

ideal of a set of affine points

### Description

This function computes the reduced Groebner basis for the ideal of all

polynomials which vanish at the given set of points. It returns the

ideal generated by that Groebner basis.

NOTE:

* the current ring must have at least as many indeterminates as the dimension of the space in which the points lie;

* the base field for the space in which the points lie is taken to be the coefficient ring, which should be a field;

* in the polynomials returned, the first coordinate in the space is taken to correspond to the first indeterminate, the second to the second, and so on;

* if the number of points is large, say 100 or more, the returned value can be very large. To avoid possible problems when printing such values as a single item we recommend printing out the elements one at a time as in this example:

<verbatim>

I := IdealOfPoints(Pts); Foreach Element In Gens(I) Do PrintLn Element; EndForeach;

</verbatim> For ideals of points in projective space, see <ttref>IdealOfProjectivePoints</ttref>.

#### Example

Use R ::= Q[x,y]; Points := [[1, 2], [3, 4], [5, 6]]; I := IdealOfPoints(Points); I; Ideal(x - y + 1, y^3 - 12y^2 + 44y - 48) ------------------------------- I.Gens; -- the reduced Groebner basis [x - y + 1, y^3 - 12y^2 + 44y - 48] -------------------------------

### Syntax

IdealOfPoints(Points:LIST):IDEAL where Points is a list of lists of coefficients representing a set of *distinct* points in affine space.

IdealAndSeparatorsOfProjectivePoints

<type>groebner</type> <type>ideal</type> <type>list</type> <type>points</type>