Category:ApCoCoA-1:Package gbmr

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Package gbmr is designed to enable us to do basic computations, such as addition (via Add(F1,F2)), subtraction (via Subtract(F1,F2)) and multiplication (via Multiply(F1,F2)), leading term (via LT(F)), leading coefficient(via LC(F)), normal remainder (via NR(F,G)), (partial) Groebner basis(via GB(G)), reduced (partial) Groebner basis (via ReducedGB(G)) and so on, over non-commutative algebras, i.e. over finitly generated free monoid rings, finitely presented monoid rings, group ring. etc. As a consequence, the package can also be applied to many algebraic applications, for instance the leading term ideal (via LTIdeal(G)), Hilbert function (via HF(Gb)), etc.

For each computation mentioned above, there are three different functions having the same functionality but under different settings. Let us take addition for an example. There are three functions, namely MRAdd(X,Ordering,Relations,F1,F2), Add(F1,F2) and GAdd(F1,F2), doing addition over monoid ring, free associative algebra and group ring, respectively. For details about how to use each of them, please check relevant functions.

Generally speaking, a finitely presented monoid ring is defined by P=K<X|R>=K<X>/<R>, where K is a field, X is a finite alphabet (a finite set of letters or indeterminates), and R is a finite set of relations. If R is empty, then P becomes a free associative K-algebra.

Things to know about this package.

(a) Predefined alias for this package is

             Alias NC := $apcocoa/gbmr;

(b) K is field of rational number Q by default. It can be set to a finite field Fp through the functions

             NC.SetFp(); and NC.SetFp(Prime);

where Primeis a prime number. The prevouse one sets finite field to F_{2}=Z/(2) and the later to F_{Prime}=Z/(Prime). And K can be reset to field of rational number through the function


(c) X (or Alphabet) is represented as a STRING of letters. Every letter in X should have a unique occurrence. The order of letters in X is important since it induces an admissible ordering specified by Ordering. X can be set through the function


where X is a STRING of letters. And X can be reset to empty through the function


However I fail to find a proper situation to use it currently.

(d) Ordering is a STRING indicating which ordering we are working with. In the package we use admissible orderings. Currently, the package only supports length-lexicographic ordering ("LLEX") and elimination ordering ("ELIM") induced from the order of letters in X. The default ordering is "LLEX".

For example, X:="abc"; Ordering:="ELIM"; means elimination ordering induced from a>b>c.

Ordering can be set through the function


where Ordering is the ordering supported by the package. And Ordering can be reset to "LLEX" through the function


(e) Relations, which is a finite generating set, is represented as a LIST of relations. Each relation of Relations is represented as a LIST (pair) composting of two words in X*.

      (e0) Each word (term) in X* is represented as a STRING with all letters coming from X.

      For example, X := "abc"; W := "ba"; means W=ba.

      Note that unit in X* is empty word represented as an empty STRING "".

For example, X := "abc"; Relations := [["ba","ab"], ["ca","ac"], ["cb","bc"]]; means Relations generated by {ba=ab, ca=ac, cb=bc}.

Relations can be set through the function


where Relations is a properly represented Relations. And Relations can be reset to empty through the function


which might be a tricky way to change a monoid ring to a free associative K-algebra.

(f) Rules, which is also a finite generating set, is represented as a LIST of (rewriting) rules. Each rule of Rules is represented as a LIST (pair) consisting of one word in X* and one polynomial in K<X> (or K<X|R>).

      (f0) Each polynomial in K<X> (or K<X|R>) is represented as a LIST of monomials, and each monomial is represented as a LIST (pair) consisting of one coefficient in K and one word (term) in X*.

      For example, X := "abc"; P := [[1,"ab"], [1,""]]; means P=ab+1.

      Note that 0 polynomial is represented as an empty LIST [].

For example, X := "ab"; Rules := [["ba", [[1,"ab"], [1,""]]]]; means Rules generated by {ba=ab+1}.

Rules can be set through the function


where Rules is a properly represented Rules. And Rules can be reset to empty through the function


(g) There is a function to get general information about ring environment.


Please note: The function(s) explained on this page is/are using the ApCoCoAServer. You will have to start the ApCoCoAServer in order to use it/them.