# Difference between revisions of "ApCoCoA-1:NC.GB"

## NC.GB

(Partial) Groebner basis of a finitely generated two-sided ideal over a free associative K-algebra.

### Syntax

```NC.GB(G:LIST):LIST
NC.GB(G:LIST, DegreeBound:INT, LoopBound:INT, Flag:INT):LIST
```

### Description

Please note: The function(s) explained on this page is/are using the ApCoCoAServer. You will have to start the ApCoCoAServer in order to use it/them.

Please set ring environment coefficient field K, alphabet (or indeterminates) X and ordering through the functions NC.SetFp(Prime), NC.SetX(X) and NC.SetOrdering(Ordering), respectively, before calling the function. Default coefficient field is Q. Default ordering is length-lexicographic ordering ("LLEX"). For more information, please check the relevant functions.

• @param G: a LIST of non-zero polynomials generating a two-sided ideal. Each polynomial is represented as a LIST of LISTs, which are pairs of form [C, W] where C is a coefficient and W is a word (or term). Each term is represented as a STRING. For example, xy^2x is represented as "xyyx", unit is represented as an empty string "". Then, polynomial F=xy-y+1 is represented as F:=[[1,"xy"], [-1, "y"], [1,""]]. 0 polynomial is represented as an empty LIST [].

About the optional parameters: For most cases we do not know whether there exists a finite Groebner basis. Instead of forcing computer yelling and informing nothing valuable, the function has 3 optional parameters to control the computation. Note that at the moment all of the following 3 additional optional parameters must be used at the same time.

• @param DegreeBound: a positive integer which gives a degree bound during Groebner basis computation. When the degree of normal remainder of some S-element reaches DegreeBound, the function stops the loop and returns a partial Groebner basis.

• @param LoopBound: a positive integer which gives a bound for the main loop of Groebner basis computation. When it runs through the main loop LoopBound times, the function stops the loop and returns a partial Groebner basis.

• @param Flag: a non-negative integer which is a multi-switch for the output of ApCoCoAServer. If Flag=0, the server prints nothing on the screen. If Flag=1, the server prints basic information about computing procedure, such as number of S-elements has been checked and to be checked. If Flag=2, the server additionally prints current partial Groebner basis before each loop as well as the information when Flag=1. Note that the initial idea of Flag is to use it as a tool for debugging and tracing the computing process.

• @return: a LIST of polynomials, which is a Groebner basis if (1)finite Groebner basis exists and (2)the computation doesn't stop due to reach DegreeBound or LoopBound, and is a partial Groebner basis otherwise.

#### Example

```NC.SetX(<quotes>xyzt</quotes>);
F1 := [[1,<quotes>xx</quotes>], [-1,<quotes>yx</quotes>]];
F2 := [[1,<quotes>xy</quotes>], [-1,<quotes>ty</quotes>]];
F3 := [[1,<quotes>xt</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>tx</quotes>]];
F4 := [[1,<quotes>yt</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>ty</quotes>]];
Generators := [F1, F2,F3,F4];
NC.GB(Generators); -- over Q (default field), LLEX ordering (default ordering)
[[[1, <quotes>yt</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>ty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>xt</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>tx</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>xy</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>ty</quotes>]],
[[1, <quotes>xx</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>yx</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>tyy</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>tty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>yyx</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>tyx</quotes>]],
[[1, <quotes>ttyy</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>ttty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>tyyx</quotes>], [-1, <quotes>ttyx</quotes>]]]
-------------------------------
NC.SetFp(); -- set default Fp=F2
NC.GB(Generators); -- over F2, LLEX ordering
[[[1, <quotes>yt</quotes>], [1, <quotes>ty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>xt</quotes>], [1, <quotes>tx</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>xy</quotes>], [1, <quotes>ty</quotes>]],
[[1, <quotes>xx</quotes>], [1, <quotes>yx</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>tyy</quotes>], [1, <quotes>tty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>yyx</quotes>], [1, <quotes>tyx</quotes>]],
[[1, <quotes>ttyy</quotes>], [1, <quotes>ttty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>tyyx</quotes>], [1, <quotes>ttyx</quotes>]]]
-------------------------------
NC.SetFp(3);
NC.GB(Generators); -- over F3, LLEX ordering
[[[1, <quotes>yt</quotes>], [2, <quotes>ty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>xt</quotes>], [2, <quotes>tx</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>xy</quotes>], [2, <quotes>ty</quotes>]],
[[1, <quotes>xx</quotes>], [2, <quotes>yx</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>tyy</quotes>], [2, <quotes>tty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>yyx</quotes>], [2, <quotes>tyx</quotes>]],
[[1, <quotes>ttyy</quotes>], [2, <quotes>ttty</quotes>]], [[1, <quotes>tyyx</quotes>], [2, <quotes>ttyx</quotes>]]]
-------------------------------
```