From ApCoCoAWiki
Revision as of 15:02, 18 June 2008 by (talk) (Tables updated)


The CoCoARing class represents a polynomial ring structure. It stores the name of indeterminates defined over a coefficient ring which is defined in the typ attribute amongst other supporting attributes.


The constructor function takes a parameter in the form 'keyword',value. For example to build a ring over Q use the keyword = 'Typ' and the value = 'Q'. The function is called CoCoARing().

Available keywords are listed below:

KeywordPossible ValuesDefault
Indets'auto', {'anyString1','anyString2',...}{'x[1]'}
Ordering'DegRevLex', 'DegLex', AnyTermOrderingMatrix1

Table 1: Keywords for CoCoARing

Note: The order of the keywords is not completly arbitrary:

  • The keyword Ordering can only be used after the keyword Indets.
  • Noindets should be defined before Indets otherwise result might not be correct as default value is used.


typ   Defines the coefficent ring. In the current implementation only Q - Ring of rational numbers - is available.
order   Defines the order of the polynmoial ring. Usually a prime number or 0.
noindets   Stores the number of indeterminates.
indets   Holds the label of the indeterminates as a 1xNoindets cell array of strings.
ordering  A matrix representing a degree compatible term ordering.


The following methods are available for rings:

Method OperatorDescription
display    Is used by Matlab to print a CoCoARing to the command window. E.g. when a command is not terminated by a ';'.
eq  == Compares two rings and returns 1 in case that all attributes of the two rings are equal. Otherwise 0 is returned.
neq  ~= returns NOT eq.
get    Returns the attributes of a ring. Syntax: get(ringVar, 'Keyword'), where ringVar is a CoCoARing and 'Keyword' is one of the keywords listed in table 1. Additionaly the keyword 'String' can be used. This will return the polynomial as a string.
one    returns the 1 polynomial of the polynomial ring
zero    returns the 0 polynomial of the polynomial ring


A collection of examples is provided in the file TestCoCoARing.m. This file defines the function TestCoCoARing which will run and display many examples. A few common examples are presented below.

  • Default ring Q[x[1]]:

<matlab> defaultRing = CoCoARing(); </matlab>

  • Q[x1,...,xN]: The only supported ring for the CoCoAPoly class at the moment is Q[x1,...,xN]. To generate this ring with a DegRevLex ordering over 3 indeterminates x,y and z use the following code:

<matlab> myR = CoCoARing('Typ','Q','Indets',{'x','y','z'},'Ordering','DegRevLex'); </matlab>

  • To generate the 1 and 0 polynomial of a CoCoARing use the following code:

<matlab> oneOfRing = one(myR); zeroOfRing = zero(myR); </matlab>

  • To read the attributes of a CoCoARing use the following command (this examples reads all attributes):

<matlab> [a1,a2,a3,a4,a5] = get(myR,'Typ','Order','Noindets','Indets','Ordering'); </matlab>